Weight Distribution Hitch: The Beginner’s Guide to Installing a Weight Distribution Hitch For Your Needs.

weight distribution hitch

A weight distribution hitch also known as sway control weight distribution hitch is a towing accessory that helps to distribute the load evenly across the tow vehicle and trailer, providing a more stable and level ride.

If you are wondering what does a weight distribution hitch do, I will tell you that its what you need when you tow a trailer that could use a tow weight distribution hitch like the Andersen hitch. Most cars and RV camper vans use jacks, levelers and weight and load balancing stabilizers daily.

How Does A Weight Distribution Hitch Work?

A weight distribution hitch works by distributing the weight of a trailer across the vehicle and trailer axles and transferring some of the tongue weight from the vehicle to the trailer, which helps to reduce stress on the vehicle’s suspension and improve stability when towing.

The hitch consists of spring arms that attach to the trailer tongue and a head assembly that attaches to the vehicle’s frame. The spring arms are adjustable, allowing for different levels of tension depending on the load being towed[2][3].

When properly adjusted, these spring arms will shift 20-30% of the tongue weight back onto the trailer tongue, which helps to evenly distribute the load across both axles[3]. This helps to reduce swaying and improve overall stability while driving[4].

What are the benefits of using a weight distribution hitch?

  • Improved stability and control while towing
  • Reduced sway and wobble during towing
  • Improved braking and handling
  • Better distribution of weight, resulting in less wear and tear on the tow vehicle and trailer

Improved stability and control while towing

A weight distribution hitch helps improve the stability and control of a tow vehicle while towing. It reduces swaying and wobbling, which can be especially dangerous at high speeds, by spreading the weight evenly across the tow vehicle and the trailer. This improved stability also helps with braking and handling, making a tow vehicle easier to control in emergency and panic situations.

Reduced wear and tear on the tow vehicle and trailer

By distributing weight more evenly, a weight distribution hitch reduces stress on different parts of the tow vehicle and trailer. This can help to reduce wear and tear on both vehicles and extend their lifespan. It can also improve fuel efficiency by reducing the drag created by an uneven load.

Most RV users have shared how weight distribution hitches can be an excellent addition to any towing vehicle setup. By helping to spread the load out evenly, they make towing more stable and easier to control and reduce wear and tear on the tow vehicle and trailer.

They’re an affordable way of increasing safety and performance when towing large loads. If you’re planning to tow a heavy load, it may be worth investing in a weight distribution hitch.

How do weight distribution hitches work?

  • Weight distribution hitches use spring bars to distribute the weight of the trailer evenly across the tow vehicle and trailer, which helps to balance the load and provide a more stable towing experience.
  • The spring bars attach to the trailer tongue and then mount onto brackets on the tow vehicle’s frame. When weight is applied, tension is created in the spring bars; this helps to distribute the load evenly across both vehicles.
  • Different types of weight distribution hitches are available, including trunnion bar, round bar, and cam-style hitches.

When do you need a weight distribution hitch?

If you’re planning to tow a large load, or if your trailer is heavier than most, it’s advisable to use a weight distribution hitch. These hitches can handle up to 10,000 lbs of tongue weight and up to 14,000 lbs of gross trailer weight.

It’s important to choose the right hitch for your load, so make sure you consult an expert before making a purchase. They will be able to help you figure out which hitch is best for you and make sure it works right when you use it.

What factors should I consider when choosing a weight distribution hitch?

  • Type of tow vehicle
  • Gross weight of the trailer
  • Tongue weight of the trailer
  • Type of trailer being towed
  • Type of hitch receiver on the tow vehicle

Type of tow vehicle

When it comes to choosing a weight distribution hitch, the type of tow vehicle is an important consideration. The size, weight, suspension system, and other features of your tow vehicle will determine the type of hitch you will need.

Generally speaking, heavier vehicles like pickup trucks and SUVs are better suited for heavier trailers and larger loads, whereas lighter vehicles like sedans should be used for smaller loads.

Gross weight of the trailer and tongue weight of the trailer

The gross weight of a trailer is the total weight that the vehicle can safely tow; this includes both the trailer itself, as well as any cargo or equipment inside.

The tongue weight is the portion of that total which is supported by the trailer tongue and distributed through the hitch system. Knowing both of these numbers can help you choose a weight distribution hitch that will be able to handle your load.

Type of trailer being towed

The type of trailer being towed is also an important factor in choosing a weight distribution hitch. Different types of trailers require different hitches, so make sure to get the right one for your trailer.

Type of hitch receiver on the tow vehicle

The type of hitch receiver on the tow vehicle will also affect which weight distribution hitch you should choose. Be sure to check your vehicle’s owner’s manual to see what type of hitch receiver it has before making a purchase.

No matter which type of weight distribution hitch you choose, make sure to read the instructions carefully and follow them closely. Proper installation is essential for any hitch system; if it’s not done correctly, it could lead to an unsafe situation while towing.

Additionally, be sure to check your trailer and tow vehicle regularly to make sure they are in good condition and the weight distribution hitch is properly adjusted. With the right hitch, you should be able to tow safely and confidently.

Hitching and Unhitching a Weight Distribution Hitch

  • Hitching a weight distribution hitch: Before hitching, ensure that the weight distribution system is properly adjusted to match the weight of the trailer. Make sure that the trailer is level, and then attach the spring bars to the hitch head. Next, connect the shank of the weight distribution system to your vehicle’s hitch receiver. Finally, use a pin or clip to secure them together, then tighten any bolts or nuts that may be present.
  • Unhitching a weight distribution hitch: When unhitching, be sure to remove the weight distribution system before releasing the trailer from the tow vehicle. Start by removing the pin or clip that secures the shank of the weight distribution system to the hitch receiver, then disconnect the spring bars from the hitch head. Finally, remove the shank from your vehicle’s hitch receiver and store it in a safe place. It’s important to remember that hitching and unhitching must be done correctly to ensure your safety while towing.

Overall, it is important to choose the right weight distribution hitch for your tow vehicle and trailer to make sure that your trip is safe and goes well. Be sure to consider the type of towing vehicle, the gross weight of the trailer, the tongue weight of the trailer, the type of trailer being towed, and many other factors likely to play a role in determining the appropriate weight distribution hitch for you.

Once you have done your research, don’t forget to read the instructions carefully and follow them closely when hitching or unhitching. With these steps in mind, you should be well on your way to an enjoyable and safe towing experience!

Conclusion

A weight distribution hitch is an important accessory for RV owners and outdoor enthusiasts who pull trailers. It helps keep the ride stable and level. When choosing a weight distribution hitch, consider factors such as the type of towing vehicle, weight of the trailer, type of trailer, and type of hitch receiver.